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Most Used Web Development Technologies in 2021

If you are here, it is because you want to know the technologies that are most used in web development and what is the trend for the future. This is a topic that could span millions of pages with documentation on all this, however, there are as many ways to program as there are developers. For now, we will talk about the two most use methods currently, CMS and Javascript frameworks. Although my intention is to update this post so that you do not miss any useful tools.

The usual, when developing a dynamic web, in which the administrator can keep the content updated in a simple way. For this, it is recommended to use a CMS.

Content Managers CMS

A CMS is a content manager that will help us upload content, which will then be displayed on the web. Administrators usually do not have programming knowledge and in this way, we make sure that the task of publishing and updating is easy for them. CMS has a backend part, which will provide the functionalities and content, but some can also manage the frontend through themes or templates.

One of the most use CMS in the world is WordPress.There are others such as Drupal, Joomla, or those that specialize in eCommerce such as Prestashop or Magento.

In this case, I will only talk about WordPress since, in my opinion, it is the most complete. 40% of all Internet pages are developed with this CMS. A fee far above any other.

Advantages of WordPress

I am going to list all the benefits of this CMS, develop in PHP so that you can see for yourself why it is so widely used.

  • It is free. Yes, it is free and can be installed on any server with PHP support and databases.
  • It has a huge developer community, which means that it has a lot of documentation about its operation. Its updates are also free, although you have to be careful since an incompatibility with another outdated plugin can break the web.
  • You can add all kinds of functionalities through plugins, many of them free. One of the most used is the one that turns it into an online store, WooCommerce.
  • It has a multitude of functions within the reach of a click. User manager, navigation menus, types of posts, advance settings, etc. In addition, it has a structure that, with the appropriate plugin, you can generate sitemaps and SEO optimization very comfortably.
  • It greatly reduces the costs of the web development and maintenance of a website since you can install already built themes that, with a little knowledge of CSS and Javascript, allow you to build web pages in record time.

WordPress Theme

Besides being able to buy very useful themes, with components already built, it is possible to create your own themes with a little knowledge of PHP. This would eliminate one of the few disadvantages that it has, the need to load a lot of unnecessary code, for example, from components that are not used later. This, of course, increases development time and consequently costs.

As if that were not enough, we can undock the Frontend, or the visual part, to create a headless CMS. That is, using WordPress simply as a content store, taking advantage of all its advantages, and using the new programming paradigms, which I will talk about later, for the Frontend. For something, WordPress has been migrating from PHP to React in recent years. Don’t you know what React is? don’t worry, I’ll clarify later.

New Headless CMS

And speaking of decoupling CMS, we can list many of them that are at the forefront of the current trend such as Netlify, Strapi, or Prismic.

I can just tell you a little about Prismic, which is the one I’ve used the most. It is a CMS in which you can control the types of posts you need and what content the administrator can modify. It is used by large companies such as Netflix, Google, or Deliveroo. In addition, it has extensive support and documentation to be able to use it with a lot of technologies (Node.js, React.js, Next.js, Gatsby, Vue.js, Nuxt.js).

This CMS will provide a JSON document with all the necessary information that must be mounted on the Frontend part, using a Javascript application.

Frameworks for Creative Websites

In recent times the way of presenting a website has changed a lot. To have a web create in PHP, so that the server compiles it in HTML, CSS, and Javascript and that the browser understands and renders it; We have started to create applications with built-in Javascript that are rendered on the server, having a much faster response.

This type of development, combined with headless CMS, is widely used in web pages with high creative content. They are usually very impressive, with the great importance of animations. You can delight in some examples by exploring the awards website.

I leave you a summary of the most used Frameworks to develop web apps:

Web Apps

  • Node.js: It is an open-source, multiplatform runtime environment for the server layer based on the JavaScript programming language, asynchronous, with data input and output in an event-oriented architecture.
  • Angular.js: Develop in TypeScript, open-source and maintained by Google. Used to create single-page interfaces and applications.
  • React.js: Framework design to create user interfaces and with the aim of facilitating the development of applications on a single page. It is open-source and maintained by Facebook.
  • Vue.js: It is an open-source JavaScript framework for building user interfaces and single-page applications.
  • Gatsby: It is a static site generator built with ReactJS and powered by GraphQL.
  • Next.js: It is built on top of Node.js and enables React-based web application functionalities such as server-side rendering and static website generation.
  • Nuxt.js: Open source and based on Vue.js, Node.js, Webpack, and Babel.js. Next is inspired by Next.js, which is a similar-purpose framework. You can see an example of a website created with Nuxt and Prismic here.
  • Three.js: It is a lightweight library written in JavaScript to create and display 3D animate graphics in a web browser. The technology it employs is known as WebGL and it is invaluable for creating highly advanced animation sites, impossible to create with CSS and JavaScript. You can see an example and can make a full customize site here.
  • Barba.js: Library use in creating smooth transitions between pages. You can check it on its own website.
  • GSAP: This is the most used JavaScript library in the world to create animations of all kinds.
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I am Content Writer and have passion of exploring Web Related Content/

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